Dr. Raja Sekhara is a Senior Consultant Cardiothoracic & Transplant Surgeon practicing at Care Hospitals, Hyderabad. He is a specialist who operates the heart, lungs, and thoracic (chest) organs. He performs a rigorous diagnosis to treat all the conditions relating to the heart, lungs, and chest organs.

He cares for individuals suffering from a wide range of cardiac conditions such as coronary artery disease, cardiac valve disease, and other thoracic conditions. He possesses immense expertise in performing the surgical, interventional, and minimally invasive thoracic and vascular procedures.

He always accompanies patients in their healthcare journey and assists them at every level of treatment. He delivers the most compassionate and comprehensive care for patients experiencing severe cardiac conditions. He provides personalized care for the patients depending on their health condition and performed nearly 400 cardiac operations a year.

Overview of Mediastinal Surgeries

Mediastinal surgeries are the procedures used to biopsy or eliminate the growth of tissues in the mediastinum. The mediastinum is the area containing heart, aorta, esophagus, thymus, and trachea. It separates the lungs in the middle of your chest.

They are either made up of reproductive (germ) cells or develop in neurogenic (nerve), lymphatic, or mesenchymal (soft) tissue. In some cases, an increase of thymus cells, called thymic hyperplasia, also causes myasthenia gravis.

Mediastinal tumors result in life-threatening conditions affecting the heart, pericardium, the aorta, and vena cava when left untreated. Tumours, located in the posterior region, also result in spinal cord compression.

Diagnosis and Testing

  • Chest x-ray
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan of the chest
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the chest
  • Pulmonary function tests
  • Blood tests
  • ECG
  • Upper endoscopy

Mediastinal Surgeries Procedure Details

The following are the different mediastinal procedures performed by Dr. Raja Sekhara rao:

Biopsy: The process involving the removal of sample tissues for an examination under the microscope is known as a biopsy. The biopsy techniques performed by Dr. Raja Sekhara are as follows:

  1. Percutaneous Biopsy: Percutaneous biopsy or computed tomography (CT)-guided needle biopsy is a procedure in which a small needle is used to remove the sample cells. A radiologist performs it under anaesthesia.
  2. Mediastinoscopy With Biopsy: Mediastinoscopy is a procedure to test both mediastinum and sample tissues. Dr. Raja Sekhara makes a small incision at the base of the back between the ribs in the front of the chest and inserts an instrument called mediastinoscope. It is a minimally invasive procedure performed on an outpatient basis.
  3. Thoracoscopic biopsy (Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery): In this procedure, thoracoscope (small video-scope) and video-assisted technology are used to maximize visualization. The incisions are made between the ribs to biopsy masses to remove them altogether.

Surgical Resection: Surgical resection techniques are the procedures to eliminate tumours of the mediastinum. The surgical resection techniques include:

  1. Sternotomy: This procedure is similar to open-heart surgery as it involves the complete division of the breastbone. There will be wider access to the heart and its organs.
  2. Thoracotomy: In this procedure, the surgeon removes the large tumours localized to one side or the other side of the chest. It is a procedure similar to sternotomy.

Minimally Invasive Surgery: Mediastinum tumours are also amenable to minimally invasive approaches as follows.

  1. Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery (VATS): Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery (VATS) provides you with a shorter recovery period. In the VATS procedure, the surgeon inserts a small camera between the ribs to remove or manipulate the tumours.
  2. Robotic Surgery: In robotic surgery, 3-D technology and robotic dexterity are used to remove or manipulate the tumours.

Infrastructure Highlights:

  • State of the art-digital cath lab
  • A high-tech 3D electroanatomical mapping system
  • Well-equipped ICUs and OT
  • Special clinics
  • Intensive care units
  • Advanced OT facilities
  • Postoperative care unit with monitoring facilities
  • Echo Lab with advanced non-invasive facilities
  • Adult and Paediatric heart surgeries

Why Choose Dr. Raja Sekhara For Mediastinal Surgeries in Hyderabad?

  • Treatment from dynamic, skilled, and experienced surgeon
  • A thorough assessment of the donor’s heart
  • Presurgical optimization of overall health
  • High-quality medical care
  • State of the art operation theatres
  • Use of latest technology and robust diagnostic support
  • Highest standard of care and treatment.

Mediastinal Surgeries FAQs

What Are The Different Types Of Mediastinal Masses?

The different types of mediastinal masses:

  • Thymoma
  • Lymphoma
  • Germ cell
  • Thyroid mass

What Are The Symptoms Of Mediastinal Tumors?

The symptoms experienced by patients suffering from mediastinal tumours are:

  • Cough
  • The feeling of fullness in the chest
  • Shortness of breath
  • Substernal pain
  • Weight loss
  • Fever/chills
  • Night sweats
  • Coughing up blood
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Respiratory blockage
  • Hoarseness

What Happens If Mediastinal Tumors Are Left Untreated?

  1. Spinal cord compression
  2. The spread of benign or malignant tumors to other organs

What Are The Advantages Of Robotic-Assisted Surgery?

The advantages of choosing robotic-assisted surgery are as follows:

  • Minimal scarring
  • Reduced recovery times
  • Reduced infection risk
  • Lower blood loss
  • Reduced trauma to the body
  • Shorter hospital stay
  • Faster recovery

What Are The Other Thoracic Surgeries Performed By Dr. Raja Sekhara?

The other thoracic surgeries performed by Dr. Raja Sekhara include:

  • Lung Transplantations
  • VATS (Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery)
  • Lung surgeries
  • Thymectomy

How To Contact Dr. Rajasekhara?

To contact Dr. Rajasekhara: