Dr Rajasekhara offers heart valve care through a wide range of well-established approaches for heart valve repair and replacements in Hyderabad. He recommends the safest and long term treatment options for the patients to fix their valve issues. He discusses all the treatment options available for your valve condition and suggests the best valve repair and replacement option for you.

He is a renowned cardiothoracic surgeon in Hyderabad with extensive experience in treating patients with cardiac diseases and disorders. He pioneers in performing heart surgeries such as Heart Transplantation Surgery, Off-Pump CABG (Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting), Minimally Invasive Heart Surgeries, Valve Repairs & Replacements, Adult Congenital Heart surgery, ECMO & VAD Surgeries, CABG with Arterial grafts, Infective Endocarditis Surgery, and Redo Heart Surgeries.

Overview of Valve Repairs & Replacements

The heart consists of four valves, namely mitral, aortic, tricuspid, and pulmonary. Heart valve repairs and replacements are the cardiac procedures carried out to cure diseases affecting all heart valves, including narrowing from stenosis and leaking from regurgitation.

In this procedure, the damaged valves are either repaired or replaced with new implants. In the case of valve replacement, the doctor mostly considers open-heart operation as he opens up and remove the damaged heart valves and replaces them with new implants.

Function of Heart valves

Heart valves are responsible for blood flow to the heart. The heart valves open and shut when your heart muscle contracts and relaxes and lets your blood flow into the ventricles and atria. The heart valve function in the left ventricle is explained as follows:

  • When the left ventricle contracts, the aortic valve shuts, and the mitral valve opens, allowing the blood to flow to the left ventricle from the left atrium.
  • When the left atrium reflexes, the more blood flows into the left ventricle.
  • When the left ventricle reflexes again, the mitral valve shuts, and the aortic valve opens, so blood flows into the aorta.

Heart Valve Diseases:

Heart valve diseases are one of the leading causes of heart failure. The types of heart valve diseases include:

  1. Regurgitation: In this condition, the heart valve doesn’t close completely, resulting in backward blood flow through the valve.
  2. Stenosis: In this condition, the valves become narrowed or fails to function correctly and results in forced pumping of blood.

Heart Valve Repairs and Replacements:

The following are the four types of heart valve repairs and replacements:

1. Aortic Valve Repair or Replacement:

Aortic Valve Function:

Aortic valves are the valves which regulate blood flow in the heart. These valves separate the left ventricle and the aorta and help your blood to move in the correct direction. The aortic valve gets opened with the contraction and allows your blood to flow from the left ventricle.

When It Gets Affected:

When the aortic valve gets damaged, there will be an interruption in the blood flow to the heart’s primary pumping system (left ventricle). The aortic valve diseases can be present at birth, stenosis, regurgitation, or results from certain factors such as chronic kidney disease, heart infections, high blood pressure, and injury to the heart.

Symptoms of Aortic Valve Diseases:

When there is damage to the aortic valve, you may experience a few symptoms such as

  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Chest pain
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia)
  • Heart failure

When Aortic Valve Repair or Replacement Is Needed?

Aortic valve repair is rare. It is recommended when you are not experiencing any signs and symptoms. It is performed to treat aortic valve diseases such as Aortic valve regurgitation, Aortic valve stenosis, Congenital heart disease. However, the decision to have aortic valve repair depends on several factors, such as the severity of your condition, age, previous heart surgeries, and other health conditions.

Aortic valve repair is rare. Aortic heart valve repair is usually the first choice as it can reduce the risk of thromboembolism, endocarditis, and lower the need for blood-thinning medications. Aortic valve repair and replacement may be performed either using open-heart surgery or minimally invasive methods such as transcatheter aortic valve replacement, or TAVR.

What Happens If Treatment Is Ignored?

Untreated mitral valve diseases result in:

  • Heart failure
  • Stroke
  • Blood clots
  • Bleeding
  • Heart rhythm abnormalities
  • Endocarditis
  • Death

To know more about Aortic Valve Repair or Replacement, call Dr Raja Sekhara at: +91-8008076546

2. Mitral Valve Repair And Replacement:

Mitral Valve Function:

Mitral valve brings back the oxygenated blood to your lungs. It is located between the left ventricle and left atrium, opens and closes with each contraction.

When It Will Get Affected?

Mitral valve gets affected due to several diseases such as mitral valve regurgitation, mitral valve prolapse, and mitral valve stenosis, which results in narrowing of the valve and reduced blood flow.

Symptoms of Mitral Valve Diseases:

When there is damage to the mitral valve, you may experience some symptoms which include.

  • Shortness of breath
  • Leg swelling
  • Abnormal heart sound
  • Fatigue
  • Irregular heartbeat

When Is Mitral Valve Repair Or Replacement Is Needed?

Dr. Raja Sekhara recommend mitral valve repair or mitral valve replacement when you’re experiencing signs and symptoms such as shortness of breath, palpitations, fatigue, and swelling of the ankles. Mitral valve repair can prevent your condition from getting worse. It is associated with the lower risk of bleeding, thromboembolism, and infections. Repair may be complicated when there is a narrowing in the valve, and in such a case replacement would be the best option.

What Happens If Treatment Is Ignored?

Untreated mitral valve diseases result in:

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Blood clots
  • Heart failure
  • Stroke

To know more about Mitral Valve Repair or Replacement, call Dr Raja Sekhara at: +91-8008076546

3. Tricuspid Valve Repair and Replacement:

The tricuspid valve lies between the two upper chambers (atria and ventricles). It sends the blood back to the lungs for oxygenation.

When It Will Get Affected?

Tricuspid valve gets damaged or diseased rarely and interrupts the blood flow. The diseases affecting the tricuspid valve include tricuspid valve regurgitation, tricuspid valve stenosis, and tricuspid atresia, which require immediate and online medical care.

Apart from these conditions, several factors are affecting the tricuspid valve, such as the right ventricle dilation, infection, diet medications, tricuspid valve prolapse, myxomatous degeneration, and Marfan’s syndrome.

Symptoms of Tricuspid Valve Diseases

  • Fatigue
  • Declining exercise capacity
  • Swelling in your abdomen
  • Abnormal heart rhythms
  • Pulsing in your neck
  • Shortness of breath

When Is Tricuspid Valve Repair and Replacement Is Needed?

Tricuspid valve repairs and replacements are the procedures to treat tricuspid valve diseases. However, treatment is not required when you are not experiencing the symptoms. Tricuspid valve diseases rarely need surgical repair.

What Happens If Treatment Is Ignored?

Untreated tricuspid valve diseases result in:

  • Increased risk of heart failure
  • Weight loss
  • Appetite loss
  • Cirrhosis of the liver
  • Endocarditis

To know more about tricuspid Valve Repair or Replacement, call Dr Raja Sekhara at: +91-8008076546

Symptoms of Pulmonary Valve Diseases:

In case of damage to the pulmonary valve, you may have the following symptoms:

  • Feeling of tired
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Chest pain
  • Fainting
  • Poor weight gain
  • A heart murmur

4. Pulmonary Valve Repair and Replacement:

Pulmonary Valve Function:

The pulmonary valve is located between the atria and ventricles. It is responsible for regulating the blood flow in the heart. It keeps blood flow from your heart to your lungs.

When Will It Get Affected?

It can get affected because of infection, birth (congenital) defects, stenosis, and regurgitation/insufficiency. The less common causes of pulmonary valve diseases include carcinoid syndrome, rheumatic fever, and infective endocarditis.

Symptoms of Pulmonary Valve Diseases:

In case of damage to the pulmonary valve, you may have the following symptoms:

  • Feeling of tired
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Chest pain
  • Fainting
  • Poor weight gain
  • A heart murmur

When Is Pulmonary Valve Repair and Replacement Is Needed?

Pulmonary valve replacement is rare, and repair is considered only when it can maximise your heart function, reduces the risk of infection, and eliminates the need for blood-thinning medications.

What Happens If Treatment Is Ignored?

Untreated pulmonary valve diseases result in:

  • Increased risk of heart failure
  • Endocarditis
  • Blood clots
  • Heart failure
  • Stroke

If you want to know more information or to seek a second medical opinion, you can call and discuss with Dr RajaSekhara now!

Diagnosis and Testing:

As a part of the diagnosis, Dr Rajasekhar will first evaluate your signs and symptoms and listens to your heart murmur using physical examination. If he feels necessary, he may also order a few other imaging tests, which include:

  1. Echocardiography
  2. Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  3. Chest X-ray
  4. Exercise tests or stress tests
  5. Cardiac MRI
  6. Cardiac catheterization

Infrastructure Highlights:

  • State of the art-digital cathlab
  • A high-tech 3D electroanatomical mapping system
  • Well-equipped ICUs and OT
  • Special clinics
  • Intensive care units
  • Advanced OT facilities
  • Postoperative care unit with monitoring facilities
  • Echo Lab with advanced non-invasive facilities
  • Adult and Paediatric heart surgeries

Why Choose Dr Rajasekhara For Valve Repairs & Replacement in Hyderabad?

  • Surgery from dynamic, skilled, and experienced cardiologist
  • A thorough assessment of the donor’s heart
  • Presurgical optimization of overall health
  • High-quality medical care
  • State of the art operation theatres
  • Use of latest technology and robust diagnostic support
  • Excellent postoperative and preoperative care

Heart Valve Repair and Replacement FAQS

What Are The Benefits Of Heart Valve Repair?

The benefits of heart valve repair include:

  • Lower risk of infection
  • Reduced need for blood thinner medication
  • Preserved heart muscle strength
  • Reduced risk of stroke
  • Increased long-term survival

What Are Procedures Performed For Valve Repair?

The procedures performed for valve repair include:

  • Commissurotomy
  • Valvuloplasty
  • Reshaping
  • Decalcification
  • Repair of structural support
  • Patching

What Are The Surgical Options For Heart Valve Replacements?

The surgical options for heart valve replacements include:

  • Mechanical valve
  • Tissue valve
  • Ross Procedure
  • TAVI/TAVR procedure

Can I Undergo MICS?

Minimally invasive cardiac surgery provides you with a shorter recovery period, less pain, and shorter hospital stay. However, not everyone can have the minimally invasive cardiac surgery. The patients with the following heart conditions cannot undergo MICS.

  • Severe valve damage
  • Multiple valve repairs or replacements
  • Clogged arteries
  • Obesity

How Do I Prepare For Heart Valve Surgery?

Once you decide to have surgery, consider doing the following things at least two weeks before the surgery.

  • Stop taking all the current medications
  • Arrange someone who can stay with you during the recovery period
  • Have some crucial tests which include ECG, chest X-ray, blood tests and others
  • Pack your bag with essentials.
  • Stop eating and drinking everything from the night before the surgery
  • Take a shower with antibacterial soap prescribed by your doctor
  • Don’t apply makeup, nail polish and jewellery on the day of surgery

When Can I Drive After The Surgery?

You can drive six weeks following the value surgery. Don’t drive until your surgeon gives agrees to do so.

How To Prevent Endocarditis After Heart Valve Surgery?

Endocarditis is a heart condition in which the lining of the heart becomes infected. It occurs when the bacteria enter your bloodstream. Here are a few guidelines to prevent endocarditis after heart valve surgery.

  • Take care of your teeth. Bacteria enters your bloodstream through your teeth.
  • Keep your teeth clean and gums clean. Have regular dental checkups to prevent endocarditis.
  • Don’t pierce and tattoo your body
  • Don’t inject any drugs
  • Report to your doctor if you have any flu-like symptoms and high temperature

Can Valve Replacements Be Done During Pregnancy?

Heart valve diseases are entirely safe if appropriately managed with the utmost care. However, they can pose a threat to mother and fetus.

What Are The Other Cardiac Surgeries Performed By Dr Rajasekhara?

  1. Off-Pump CABG (Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting)
  2. Minimally Invasive Heart Surgeries
  3. Heart Transplant Surgery
  4. Adult Congenital Heart surgery
  5. ECMO & VAD Surgeries
  6. CABG with Arterial Grafts
  7. Infective Endocarditis Surgery
  8. Redo Heart Surgeries

How To Contact Dr. Rajasekhara?

To contact Dr Rajasekhara: